Armor, David J., & Duck, Stephanie
After Seattle: Social Science Research and Narrowly Tailored School Desegregation Plans
George Mason University
Offer a social science rationale for Justice Kennedy's view about narrow tailoring issues and suggesting several approaches to desegregation plans that may meet narrow tailoring requirement.
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
Teacher College Record
Vol. 112, No. 6, pp. 1705-1728
- The current design of most mandatory desegregation plans does not fit within the current Court's view ( especially Justice Kennedy's) of narrowly tailored plans.
- Several ways in which school boards and other policy makers can promote school desegregation include: considering race when drawing attendance zones, building new schools, closing schools, and locating magnet schools in strategic areas.
- Magnet schools might meet narrow tailoring requirements if race is only one of several factors considered during the application and administration process.
- The existence of a modest average desegregation benefit in race relations does not guarantee that all desegregated students will experience that benefit. Although the average of students in desegregated schools is 2 points higher than their average in segregated schools, there is considerably overlap when it comes to individual students. One can see that many segregated Black students are outperforming desegregated Black students.
- Average benefits are not the same as individual benefits. From the standpoint of narrow tailoring, showing that desegregated students have better educational and social outcomes than segregated students on average does not mean that all, or even a large fraction, will benefit from a desegregated school. This creates a narrow tailoring problem for policies that classify all students by race and then assign them to desegregated schools, because such a process assumes that all students thus classified and assigned will benefit from the desegregated school.
- The modest impact of desegregation on educational and social outcomes appears to erect serious barriers to school boards that wish to pursue system wide racial balance policies.
Journal Article Empirical Research
Academic Achievement, Choice, Desegregation, Parents Involved in Community Schools v. Seattle School District No. 1 , Racial Composition, SES Composition
Literature Review, Secondary Survey Data
Method of Analysis:
Students at North Carolina Districts
Unit of Analysis:
- Data from a larger North Carolina data set.
- A cohort consisting of about 4,050 Black students from the Charlotte-Mecklenburg district who began third grade between 2000-2001 and completed eight grade in 2005-2006.
- Uses sophisticated longitudinal regression models.