How Economic Segregation Affects Children's Educational Attainment
University of Chicago
Estimate the effect of growth of economic segregation on low income, high income and overall children educational attainment.
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
Vol. 81, No. 1, pp. 153-176
- An increase in economic segregation between census tracts in the same state hardly changes overall educational attainment but it exacerbates inequality between high-income and low-income children.
- A state's level of economic inequality but not its level of economic segregation between census tracts affects children's educational attainment.
- With overall inequality held constant, an increase in economic segregation between census tracts is associated with an increase in high-income children's educational attainment and a reduction in low-income children's educational attainment.
- An increase in economic inequality that is distributed between census tracts increases the gap in educational attainment between high- and low-income children more than an increase in inequality that is distributed within neighborhoods. These results are consistent with the political economy model of how segregation would affect educational attainment.
- Economic inequality but not economic segregation affects overall educational attainment.
- This article does not necessarily imply that neighborhood economic inequality has no effect on children's educational attainment.
Journal Article Empirical Research
Academic Achievement, SES, Segregation
Secondary Survey Data
Method of Analysis:
Unit of Analysis:
- US Census Bureau data
- 1970 1% Public Use Micro Sample (PUMS), 1980 and 1990 5% PUMS
- PUMS data used to estimate the dispersion of household income in each state in 1970, 1980, and 1990. Level of economic segregation between census tracts estimated in each state for these same years.
- DV: Educational attainment (measured as years of schooling)
- IV: Income, racial composition, census tract, economic segregation