Kurlaender, Michal, & Yun, John T.
Fifty Years after Brown: New Evidence of the Impact of School Racial Composition on Student Outcomes
University of California - Davis
Expand the discussion of the impact of desegregation beyond the traditional test measures & including racial groups that have been largely ignored.
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
International Journal of Educational Policy
Vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 51-78
- Racial and ethnic diversity appears to have positive educational impacts.
- Students who attend multiracial schools, including Whites, responded positively to nearly all of these attitudinal questions to a higher degree than do students who attend less diverse and racially isolated schools.
- Students of all racial backgrounds, throughout the district, report a high level of desire to live and work with people different from themselves.
- Student report that they feel prepared to interact and participate in democratic processes with people who are different from themselves, and further reported that they believe school experiences have increased their desire and ability to do so.
- Student's perceptions of the support they received towards higher educational attainment are quite similar between different racial/ethnic groups. However, there are also less positive findings, particularly with regard to support for students to take honors or AP courses.
- On nearly all outcomes, we see a higher degree of positive responses from students who attend multiracial schools than from students who do not. This is particularly true for Whites, who demonstrate the most negative attitudes in schools where they are a very small minority.
Journal Article Empirical Research
Democracy, Hispanics, Intergroup Relations, Long Term Outcomes, Racial Composition
Secondary Survey Data
Method of Analysis:
Miami-Dade County Public Schools
Unit of Analysis:
- Uses the Diversity Assessment Questionnaire (DAQ) a 70-item survey that is targeted for 11th graders that includes questions about their experiences in their school and classrooms and questions about student's future goals, educational aspirations, attitudes and interests.
- Survey was administered in the fall of 2000 to 10,844 students, attending 33 high schools throughout the Miami-Dade County Public Schools.
- Includes Black, Hispanic, White and Other.
- DV: Student race, school racial composition
- IV: School racial composition, percent free and reduced lunch, percent limited English proficient, percent special education.
- Outcome measures: desire to live and work in multiracial settings, citizenship, and support for educational achievement.