Goddard, Roger, Salloum, Serena, & Berbitsky, Dan
Trust as a Mediator of the Relationships Between Poverty, Racial Composition, and Academic Achievement: Evidence from Michigan's Public Elementary Schools
Texas A&M University; University of Michigan
Test the relationship btw trust and achievement / assess whether links btw academic achievement, SES, racial composition are mediated by trust levels
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
Educational Administration Quarterly
Vol. 45, No. 2, pp. 292-311
- Greater trust was associated with increased school achievement in mathematics and reading on state assessments used for accountability purposes.
- Social trust reduces transaction costs and thus increases efficiency in the production of outcomes desired.
- School SES, racial composition, and size were indirectly related to achievement through associations with trust.
- Racial and economic disadvantage were not directly related to achievement after controlling for prior achievement and trust.
- The negative relationship between school disadvantage and mathematics and reading achievement seems to be mediated by the level of trust in school.
- Trust relations appear to mediate the relationships between school disadvantage and academic achievement.
Journal Article Empirical Research
Academic Achievement, Elementary School, Racial Composition, SES, Teachers
Method of Analysis:
All traditional public ES across Michigan
Unit of Analysis:
- Sample of eligible public schools with 4th and 5th classrooms using the Michigan Department of Education 2003-2004 "head count" file.
- 130 school were contacted and 80 schools completed the survey (62%).
- IV: Faculty trust (114-item scale), school SES (proportion reduced-price lunch), school racial composition (proportion students of color / proportion free) , geographic location, size, school level achievement (proportion of students passing the 4th grade mathematics and readings assessments 1 year earlier).
- DV: Proportion of students passing the 5th grade mathematics and readings assessments.
- Two models
- 1st model predicting trust and then model predicting math and reading achievement.