Chubb, John E., & Moe, Terry M.
The Causes of Student Achievement
Compare the influence of family background, school financial resources, and other possible causes of student achievement.
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
The Brookings Institution
Politics, Markets and American Schools (Chapter 4)
- Race - at least the Black, non-Black distinction- has no independent consequence at either individual or the school level for student achievement.
- Student academic gains are explained by four factors: student ability, family SES, school SES, and school organization.
- School organization has an influence on student achievement, and tracking explains 25 to 30 percent of that influence.
Chapter in Book
Academic Achievement, Economics, Math, Peer Effects, Racial Composition, Reading, SES, Science
Secondary Survey Data
Method of Analysis:
Students in Public and Private Schools
Unit of Analysis:
- 1983-1984 ATS (Administrators and Teachers Survey) -HSB (High School and Beyond) data that contains information on a sample of students within each school
- Uses test scores, individual characteristics, and school characteristics of approximately 9,000 students.
- DV: Student achievement (total log gain scores in reading, writing, vocabulary, math and science)
- IV: Student ability (initial test performance), family background (index of family SES status), backgrouond of student body-peer group influence (average family SES status index for students in school & a measure for racial composition of the student body-% of students who are Black), school resources (index of school economic resources), and school organization (index of school organization-4 organizational dimensions (goals, leadership, personnel and practice (this includes tracking)).