The Effects of School Racial and Ethnic Composition on Academic Achievement During Adolescence
University of Michigan
The effects of school racial and ethnic composition on students' academic achievement in the U.S..
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
The Journal of Negro Education
Vol. 76, No. 2, pp. 154-172
- Racial and ethnic school and peer composition are significantly related to academic achievement.
- Peer measures of racial/ethnic composition do not mediate the relationship between school racial/ethnic composition and achievement. Even with the inclusion of peer racial/ethnic composition measures, the effects of racial/ethnic composition continue to be significant. It is not peer racial/ethnic compositional influences that are driving the effect of school ethnic/racial composition.
- Race/ethnicity measured at the individual , school, or even peer group level has important effects on individual achievement.
- The resources and socioeconomic composition of schools may help to explain the effect of the Hispanic composition of a school, but this is not the case for peer group measures of Hispanic composition, nor can it account for the influence of White and Black peer and school composition.
- Racial/ethnic composition of schools matters for educational achievement in the U.S. Strong efforts need to be made to keep schools integrated both racially/ethnically and socioeconomically.
Journal Article Empirical Research
Academic Achievement, Ethnicity, Hispanics, Peer Effects, Racial Composition
Secondary Survey Data
Method of Analysis:
Unit of Analysis:
- Data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health.
- Analysis was based on the in-home sample of adolescents from school rosters of selected schools.
- DV: Add Health Picture Vocabulary Test score (AHPTV) score.
- IV: Measures of various aspects of individual, family, and school characteristics. Peer group-level measures were used as potential mediating variables.