Cohen-Zada, Danny, & Justman, Moshe
The Political Economy of School Choice: Linking Theory and Evidence
Apply findings to simulate the impact of a hypothetical school voucher on private enrollment, the tax rate, public spending per student, and welfare.
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
Journal of Urban Economics
Vol. 54, No. 2, pp. 277-308
- Large African-American minority shares in the schools increases the proportion of Whites that choose private schooling.
- Findings indicate that the marginal household choosing between private and public schooling views a dollar spent on private tuition as between 30% and 34% more effective than a tax dollar spent on public education.
- A voucher roughly equal to 20% of public spending per student, substantially increases private enrollment, slightly lowers the tax rate, and benefits 90% of households, though it may slightly lower public spending per student.
Journal Article Empirical Research
Choice, Private Schools, Racial Composition, Vouchers
Secondary Survey Data
Method of Analysis:
Unit of Analysis:
- All 1078 US cities with population over 25,000 in 1990 (Data set A); 23 of these cities that appear in the postal address of a single unified school district (data set B) and 423 school districts (data set C). Data are drawn from the 1994 County and City Data Book on CD-ROM (US Bureau of the Census), National Center for Education Statistics, and others.
- DV: Household income level, ratio of median-to-mean household income, cost of education quality per household relative to other spending categories, cost factors that differentially affect private education, ethnic and religious composition, percentage of homeowners.
- IV: Change in private school enrollment