Booker, Kevin, Zimmer, Ron, & Buddin, Richard
The Effect of Charter Schools on School Peer Composition
The effect of charter schools have on the distribution of students by race/ethnicity and ability.
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
- Black students in both states are more likely to move to charter schools and tend to move to charter schools with a higher percentage of Black students, and those schools are more racially concentrated than the public schools they leave.
- Students who move to charter schools are on average lower performing than other students at the public schools they leave and that this performance gap is largest for Black students.
- It appears that charter schools are targeting some of the more challenging students. However, through Black student choices, may create greater segregation and expose these students to less diversity.
Charter Schools, Choice, Peer Effects
Method of Analysis:
School districts in California & Texas
Unit of Analysis:
- In this study they examine charter and traditional public schools in California and Texas.
- In Texas they use student level data from 1997-1998 through 2003-2004.
- In California they use a subset of the districts (Chula Vista, Fresno, Los Angeles, Napa Valley, San Diego, and West Covina) within California from 1997-1998 through 2001-2002.
- These districts represented more than 1 million students and 74 charter schools in the 2001-2002 school year.
- Data includes student characteristics, and test score information.
- Use longitudinal student-level data to track student movements from school to school.
- Look at school-to-school movements and isolate how these microlevels transfers are affecting the distribution of students by ability and race/ethnicity.
- Use of a Herfindahl index for each school campus. This index is defied as the sum of the squared shares of each racial/ethnic group and is scaled from 0 to 1, where 1 indicates total concentration of enrollment in one racial/ethnic group.
- Logit regression to examine what student-level characteristics are associated with moves to charter schools.
- DV: Transfer to charter school, math and reading scores
- IV: Student ethnicity, public school ethnic composition, charter school ethnic composition, prior math/reading scores of movers and their peers, school and school district characteristics (percent economically disadvantaged, percent special needs, average grades, enrollment)