Antonio, Anthony, Chang, Mitchell, Kahuta, Kenji, Kenny, David, Levin, Shana, & Milem, Jeffrey
Effects of Racial Diversity on Complex Thinking in College Students
Measure the impact of racial diversity on the complexity of thinking in college students.
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
Vol. 15, No. 8, pp. 507-510
- Racial and opinion minorities were both perceived as contributing to novelty.
- Generally positive effects on integrative complexity were found when the groups had racial and opinion-minority members and when members reported having racially diverse friends and classmates.
- This research supports the claims about the educational significance of race in higher education, as well as the complexity of the interaction of racial diversity with contextual and individual factors.
- Presence of a Black collaborator in a group of White participants generally led to greater perceived novelty of the collaborator and a greater level of integrative complexity.
Journal Article Empirical Research
Method of Analysis:
Unit of Analysis:
- Main outcome: the construct of integrative complexity, which refers to the degree to which cognitive style involves the differentiation and integration of multiple perspectives and dimensions.
- White college students were randomly assigned to small-group discussions in a 2x2 factorial design.
- Participants were recruited through campus flyers and e-mails.
- A total of 357 White participants (135 men, 222 women).
- DV:Collaborator race
- IV: Racial composition and group opinion composition vis a vis target social issue