Thrupp, Martin, Lauder, Hugh, & Robinson, Tony
School Composition and Peer Effects
The University of Waikato
Conceptual and methodological problems related to theorizing school compositional effect.
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
International Journal of Educational Research
Vol. 37, No. 5, pp. 483-504
- The balance of evidence from the literature reviewed suggests the presence of school compositional effects.
- The best of British studies has reported a strong compositional effect in relation to English, and the most recent study of elementary school performance has also reported a compositional effect.
- From the US, the evidence has been stronger, although the familiar caveat in relation to American school effectiveness studies should be noted- their dependent variables are rarely exams that seek to test curriculum knowledge.
- The New Zeeland and Belgium studies all have limitations but also important strengths and these have pointed to the existence of school compositional effects as well.
- There is a need for better measures of school compositional effects and also to explore the processes that underlie them.
Journal Article Review of Literature
Academic Achievement, Composition, Peer Effects
Secondary Survey Data
Method of Analysis:
Unit of Analysis:
- Previous Quantitative studies of school compositional effects from the UK, USA, New Zealand and Belgium.