Frost, Michelle B.
Texas Students' College Expectations: Does High School Racial Composition Matter?
The association between the racial composition of schools and Texas high school students' educational expectations.
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
Sociology of Education
Vol. 80, No. 1, pp. 43-65
- The proportion of Hispanic students in a school is negatively associated with the proportion of students in a school who expect to complete a four-year college degree.
- The effect on college expectations of the school average pass rate on the state standardized tests is positive and significant: A 10 percent increase in a school's pass rate is associated with an 11 percent increase in the odds of students expecting to graduate with a four-year college degree.
- Higher levels of expectations to graduate with a bachelor's degree are found in schools with both higher SES and lower proportions of minority students.
- College expectations are positively associated with higher levels of school achieving.
- All other things being equal, college expectations are higher among students who attend schools with greater shares of minority students.
- Once a school's population is one-fifth Hispanic students and the odds of expecting to obtain a four-year college degree.
- All students in schools with greater proportions of minority students are more likely to expect to graduate with a bachelor's degree.
- When similar schools are compared, greater proportions of minority students are associated with higher levels of students' expectation to graduate with a four-year college degree. Specifically, the observed negative relationship between the proportion of minority students and educational expectations is reversed when schools with similar kinds of students, SES, and scholastic achievement are compared.
Journal Article Empirical Research
Expectations, High School, Racial Composition, SES, School Characteristics
Secondary Survey Data
Method of Analysis:
Texas Public Schools
Unit of Analysis:
- Texas Higher Education Opportunity Project (THEOP)
- 98 Texas public schools with a student body consisting of at least 10 enrolled seniors and was further stratified on the basis of metropolitan-area status and the racial/ethnic composition of schools.
- Sample is representative of the student enrollment of Texas public high schools in spring 2002.
- A random sample of the original senior cohort is being followed, 2003 and 2006.
- Data from the U.S. Department of Education and the Texas Education Agency (TEA) with the individual-level data files using a school identifier.
- The Common Core of Data (CCD) to obtain information on school racial composition and school poverty.
- Also aggregated survey data by school. Final sample consisted of 12,071 high school seniors who were clustered in 96 schools.
- DV: Educational expectations
- IV: School racial/ethnic composition, indicated by the proportion of black students and the proportion of Hispanic students within each school.