Wells, Amy Stuart, & Crain, Robert L.
Perpetuation Theory and the Long-Term Effects of School Desegregation
Long-term effects of school desegregation on the life chances of African American students.
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
Review of Educatinoal Research
Vol. 64, No.4, pp. 531-555
- Occupational aspiration and expectations a) Desegregated Black students set their occupational aspirations higher than segregated Blacks b) Desegregated Black students' occupational aspirations are more realistically related to their educational aspirations and attainment than those of segregated Black students and attainment than those of segregated Black students.
- Choice of college and educational attainment a) Black graduates of desegregated schools are more likely than those of segregated schools to attend desegregated colleges and will have greater educational attainment.
- Occupational attainment and adult social networks a) Desegregated Black students are more likely to have desegregated social and professional networks later in life. b) Desegregated Blacks are more likely to be working in White-collar professional jobs in the private sector than Blacks from segregated schools, who are more likely to be in government and blue-collar jobs, although is less consistent evidence.
Journal Article Review of Literature
Desegregation, High School, Labor Market, Long Term Outcomes, Occupational Outcomes, Perpetuation Theory, Social Capital
Method of Analysis:
Unit of Analysis:
- Three main categories of research dealing with long-term effects of school desegregation: 1) The occupational aspirations of high school students: McPortland and Braddock (1981), St. John (1975), Mickelson (1990), Dawkins (1983) and Holeter (1982) 2) Choice of an integrated college and subsequent educational attainment: Braddock (1980), Braddock (1987), Crain and Mahard (1978), Green (1982), Wilson (1979) 3) Occupational attainment and adult social networks: Crain (1970), Crain and Strauss (1985), Braddock and McPortland(1987), McPortland and Dawkins (1986), Trent (1991), Dawkins(1991) and Green (1982)