Crain, Robert L., Hawes, Jennifer, Miller, Randi, & Peichert, Janet
Finding Niches: Desegregated Students Sixteen Years Later
Compares educational attainment and present attitudes of young Black adults who did and did not participate in a desegregation program.
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
- Attending suburban schools reduced High School dropout rates, increased adult contacts with Whites socially and increased the number of Blacks choosing to live in interracial housing (male).
- Male participants had fewer difficulties with police and perceive less discrimination in colleges and in employment.
- Female participants were less likely to have a child before age 18.
- Desegregated male students are considerably more likely to succeed in college.
Academic Achievement, Contact Theory , Desegregation, High School, Outcomes, Segregation
Interviews, Quasi-Experiment, Survey
Method of Analysis:
Unit of Analysis:
- Experiment in Hartford, Connecticut in 1966 were a group of students were desegregated in early elementary school using a randomized experimental design- two groups were selected randomly, one to attend desegregated schools, the other to remain in segregated schools.
- Students were nearly all American Blacks; a few were of Puerto Rican or West Indian ancestry.
- Follow up after they graduated Hartford Public School
- 1260 students--> treatment group, 1353 --> control group