Crain, Robert L.
School Integration and Occupational Achievement of Negroes
Johns Hopkins University
Examines long term outcomes of desegregated schooling for African Americans- employment patterns and income
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
The American Journal of Sociology
Vol. 75, No. 4, pp. 593-606
- The data show that Blacks are more likely to hold non-traditional jobs (jobs in which Blacks are underrepresented) if they graduated from desegregated schools.
- 1/3 of Black male graduates of desegregated schools are in non-traditional professions, compared to only 1/5 of Black male graduates of segregated schools.
- No relationship was found for Black women.
- Blacks in non-traditional jobs earn more money than those in traditional jobs.
- Blacks from desegregated schools have higher incomes.
- Blacks with White friends have access to information about jobs.
- Black graduates of desegregated schools have more knowledge about jobs.
Journal Article Empirical Research
Contact Theory , Desegregation, Earnings, Integration, Labor Market, Life Course, Long Term Outcomes, SES, Segregation
Method of Analysis:
Northern Metropolitan Areas
Unit of Analysis:
- Data are from US Census 1960 and a 1966 survey of Black adults, ages 21-45, in Northern metropolitan areas. Block quota sampling was used. The final sample is 1,231.
- DV: Type of occupation (professional, managerial, clerical, sales, craftsman, operatives, service, labor)
- IV: Type of school (integrated vs. segregated), region of school, gender