Banks, James A.
Multicultural Education: Its Effects on Students' Racial and Gender Role Attitudes
University of Washington
Describes research on the effects of multicultural education on the perceptions, attitudes, and beliefs of K-12 students
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
Handbook of Research on Social Studies Teaching and Learning, pp 459-469
- Multicultural curriculum includes the perspectives and experiences of diverse people who are part of US society and promote a pluralistic, democratic society.
- The chapter reviews literature on the effects of using teaching methods, curricula, and reinforcement techniques to modify racial and sex-role attitudes of students.
- The review finds that curriculum interventions can help students develop more positive racial attitudes, but the effects are not likely to be consistent.
- Inconsistency results from the use of different measures to test attitude change, variation in the duration of intervention, and variation in the social contexts of the studies.
- The literature suggests that curriculum interventions can help students to develop less stereotypical gender role attitudes.
- The results are inconsistent due to varied social settings, interventions, student ages, teacher attitudes and behavior, and duration of interventions.
- Studies have found that students' perceptions of gender appropriate occupations can be modified.
Chapter in Book
Attitudes, Curriculum, Democracy, Diversity, Gender
Method of Analysis:
Previous Armor studies
Unit of Analysis:
- This chapter reviews racial modification studies that involve curriculum and teaching methods. Studies in this review include:
- Johnson (1966)
- Yawkey (1973)
- Shirley (1988)
- Yancey (1972)
- Lessing & Clarke (1976)
- Koeller (1977)
- Kehoe & Rogers (1978)