Eitle, David, & Eitle, Tamela McNulty
Segregation and School Violence
Montana State University
Whether desegregation reduces or exacerbates the problem of school violence.
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
Vol. 82, No. 2, pp. 589-615
- Increasing levels of school segregation are associated with decreases in school violence and the level of racial inequality in the community conditions the inverse relationship between school segregation and school violence.
- Supports previous findings that intergroup contact may exacerbate feelings of frustration and prejudice between groups if the groups are unequal in status.
- Under conditions of greater racial inequality in a county, the magnitude of the association between school segregation and violent crime is larger.
- Higher levels of crime in the community are correlated with greater rates of violence at schools in those communities.
- Schools with a greater percentage of students being African American, middle schools and schools exhibiting weaker attachment and commitment of the student body to the schools, have higher violent crime rates.
Journal Article Empirical Research
Contact Theory , Context, High School, Middle School, Segregation, Violence
Method of Analysis:
State of Florida
Unit of Analysis:
- Data from the Florida Department of Education (2000a and 2000b) and the Bureau of the Census (2001).
- Data from the Florida Schools Indicators Report(2000a) and the School Advisory Council Reports (FDOE 2000b) for the academic year 1999-2000 for information on school characteristics and disorder incidents.
- Analysis includes 740 schools (317 High Schools and 423 Middle Schools) across 40 school districts/counties.
- DV: School violence incidents in the 1999-2000 school year
- IV: School climate, organizational structure, social milieu, ecological environment, school culture (student absenteeism, dropout rate, percent of students who scored low on FCAT test.) and other district/county level variables (school segregation, residential segregation, etc.).
- School violence, school characteristics, school segregation and district/county level variables.