Crain, Robert L., & Mahard, Rita
School Racial Composition and Black College Attendance and Achievement Test Performance
John Hopkins University
What are the processes by which different methods of desegregation affect different types of students on different kinds of outcomes?
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
Sociology of Education
Vol. 51, No. 2, pp. 81-101
- Southern Black students graduating from predominantly White high schools are less likely to attend and to survive college.
- Southern Black achievement is not related to school racial composition.
- In the North, Black achievement, college attendance and college survival are all higher in predominantly White High schools.
- There is some evidence of self-selection in the South, but does not adequately explain the northern results.
Journal Article Empirical Research
Academic Achievement, African American, College, Racial Composition, SES
Method of Analysis:
Unit of Analysis:
- Data from the National Longitudinal Survey of the High School Graduating Class of 1972.
- NELS is conducted by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES).
- Baseline survey done in the spring of 1972, first follow-up in October 1973 and second follow-up in the fall of 1974, and third follow-up was undertaken in the fall of 1976.
- Data of the district racial composition from the 1972 Directory of Public Elementary and Secondary Schools compiled by the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare.
- Sample of 484 schools with Black data, 283 in the South and 201 in the North
- DV: Mean Black achievement test scores, the percentage of Black graduates attending college, and the percentage of Black graduates surviving to the junior year of college.
- IV: School percentage White, percentage students bused, mean White students in class, district dissimilarity index.
- Control Variables: School mean Black SES and school district size.