Does School Desegregation Policy Stimulate Residential Integration?
University of California, Los Angeles
Relationship between schools and housing and specifically the relocation behavior of minority households.
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
Vol. 23, No.1, pp. 51-67
- It is the combination of demographic processes and population responses to policy interventions (busing) that are at the heart of understanding changes in pupil enrollment.
- School desegregation policy per se did not contribute to residential integration.
- The patterns of moves are not distinguishable from the natural transition of moves into surrounding White neighborhoods that occurs when Black areas expand into surrounding neighborhoods.
- There is little if any direct relationship between student assignments and household relocation behavior.
- It is not even clear that racially balanced schools can stimulate racially balanced neighborhoods.
Journal Article Empirical Research
Busing, Demographic Trends, Desegregation, Housing, Residential Segregation, Segregation
Method of Analysis:
Unit of Analysis:
- Census data on metropolitan change plus some unusual data on the actual relocation behavior of Black households in Oklahoma Independent School District
- Demographic information and policy intervention information as well as enrollment.
- Compute index of dissimilarities. Indices of separation for the beginning and end points of the spatial change.
- The methodology of the analysis is not very clear.
- DV: Residential relocation and segregation
- IV: School desegregation efforts, busing