Pettigrew, Thomas F.
Justice Deferred - A Half Century After Brown v. Board of Education
University of California, Santa Cruz
Reviews the history of the racial desegregation of America's public schools.
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
Vol. 59, No. 6, pp. 521-529
- Results of longitudinal research that demonstrate effects of desegregation have been positive
- Legal trends show steps forward and backward toward racial desegregation
- Desegregated education prepares Black and White Americans for an interracial world.
- Behind desegregation's benefit;
- 1) Involves interracial contact
- 2) erodes avoidance learning
- 3) Blacks gains access to formerly all-White social networks
- 4) teaches interracial interaction skills
- 5) avoids the discriminatory stigma of Black institutions
- Misconceptions about desegregation:
- 1) desegregated schools have failed
- 2) desegregation causes massive "White flight" thus interracial schools are impossible to achieve
- 3) desegregation necessarily entails massive busing
- 4) desegregation has become increasingly unpopular with Americans of all races
- Important attention should be given to residential segregation.
Journal Article Review of Literature
Brown vs Board of Education, Contact Theory , Desegregation, Resegregation, Segregation, White Flight
Method of Analysis:
Unit of Analysis:
- Legal documents.
- Documents of effects of desegregation.
- Reviews 4 distinct U.S. Supreme Court eras of racial decisions: the segregation, preparatory, desegregation, and resegregation eras.
- Segregation era: Plessy v. Ferguson (1986)
- Preparatory era: Edward White & William Taft
- Desegregation era: Charles Hughes,
- McLaurin v. Oklahoma State Regents, 1950;
- Sweat v. Painter, 1950,
- Brown v. Board of Education,
- Green v. County School Board of New Kent County,
- Alexander v. Holmes County Board of Education,
- Keyes v. Denver School District No.1,
- Milliken v. Bradlwy, 1974,
- Selman v. Simmons-Harris, 2002
- Missouri v. Jenkins, 1995