Myerson, Joel, Rank, Mark, Raines, Fredric, & Schnitzler, Mark
Race and General Cognitive Ability: The Myth of Diminishing Returns to Education
The impact of education on racial differences in general cognitive ability.
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 139-142
- White students made gains during the college years, the Black students benefited more than 4 times as much, increasing their scores more than 0.7 SD from the time of entering college until the time of graduation 4 years later.
- Between the beginning and end of High School, the scores of White future HS graduates increased more than twice as much as the scores of Black future HS graduates.
- As Black and White students complete more grades in high school environments that differ in quality, the gap in cognitive test scores widens.
- At college level where Black and White students are exposed to educational environments of comparable quality, many Blacks are able to make remarkable gains, closing the gaps in test scores.
- Variations in amount and quality of education that are within the range commonly observed in this country can have a profound impact.
Journal Article Empirical Research
Achievement Gap, College
Method of Analysis:
Unit of Analysis:
- Data from NLSY (National Longitudinal Survey Youth) of 12, 686 young men and women who were between the ages of 14 and 21 as of January 1, 1979.
- Data were gathered by the National Opinion Research Council under the supervision of Ohio State University's Center for Human Resources Research.
- Data on Black and White (non-Hispanics) individuals only.
- AFQT results (Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Tests) to measure cognitive ability.
- DV: AFQT score
- IV: Age at the time of testing, parental SES, education, education squared, etc.