McLeod, Poppy, Lobel, Sharon, & Cox Jr., Taylor H.
Ethnic Diversity and Creativity in Small Groups
Cornell University; University of Michigan
Test the value of in-diversity hypothesis (that ethnic diversity produces tangible, positive effects on organizational outcome).
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
Small Group Research
Vol. 27, No. 2, pp. 248-264
- Ideas produced by heterogeneous groups were judged as significantly more feasible.
- Members of homogeneous groups reported marginally significantly higher levels of interpersonal attraction than did members of heterogeneous groups.
- Diverse groups have performance advantages over homogeneous groups on creativity task requiring knowledge of different cultures.
- Biculturalism may be related to divergent thinking in the same way as bilingualism.
Journal Article Empirical Research
Asians, Diversity, Hispanics, Latinos
Method of Analysis:
Students at a large Midwest University
Unit of Analysis:
- 135 undergrad and graduate students form several academic majors at a large Midwestern University
- 94 men and 41 women
- 76 Anglo Americans
- 20 Asian Americans
- 22 African Americans
- 17 Hispanic American
- 120 Native-born American
- Two types of groups were formed -ethnically diverse and all Anglo Americans.
- Experimental investigation of the difference in performance on a brainstorming task between groups whose members are all Anglo-American and groups whose members are Anglo-, Asian, African, and Hispanic Americans.
- DV: Effectiveness (how much of a contribution the idea names toward the objective of getting more tourists to visit the US) and feasibility (the extent to which the ideas could be carried out, given the constraints of reality).
- IV: Racial composition of groups (all Anglo-American vs. Anglo-American, Asian, African, and Hispanic Americans)