Private Choices, Public Consequences: Magnet School Choice and Segregation by Race and Poverty
College of William and Mary
Link between individual choice and educational segregation.
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
Vol. 50, No. 2, Pp. 181-203
- Racial composition of a school's attendance area remains highly correlated with the school choices of non-poor whites, even when the economic composition of the school is held constant.
- School quality is significantly correlated with the probability that a student will apply to a magnet school.
- Segregation between the most and least disadvantaged race / economic groups is higher across all schools than it may be if no magnet program existed.
- Private choices have public consequences.
- Individual choices undergrad a great deal of segregation.
- Design of school choice programs must pay close attention to the role race plays in the way White families select schools.
- Unfettered school choice policies will increase segregation of race and class.
Journal Article Empirical Research
Choice, Magnet Schools, SES, Segregation
Method of Analysis:
Unit of Analysis:
- School District of Philadelphia: demographic characteristics of all students. 1990-1991/1991-1992 Magnet School Application forms
- Data describe the actual movement and preferred choices.
- Violence data from the Police Department Uniform Crime Reports.
- IV: student's race, poverty status, grade level, test scores, residential address, violence in neighborhood..
- DV: School application form (probability that a student attempts to leave a neighborhood school- magnet school application).