Saporito, Salvatore, & Lareau, Annette
School Selection as a Process: The Multiple Dimensions of Race in Framing Educational Choice
College of William and Mary; Temple University
Families choices within school choice programs.
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
Vol. 46, No. 3, pp. 418-439
- White applicants avoid "Black" schools.
- School racial mix is a factor which families and students consider when selecting a school.
- White applicants' choices were powerfully and negatively linked to the presence of Black students and to a lesser extent, Asian and Latino students. Race overwhelmed other factors.
- There is no relationship between race and school preferences among African American families.
- Poverty is the only factor which varied with school selection among African American, albeit the strength of the relationship was modest.
- A different pattern in which families make school choices in a series of steps: 1st-order decision where parents exclude some schools from consideration. 2nd order decision where parents consider a variety of factors and select a school.
- No school choice and voucher programs would lead to great reductions in racial segregation in urban schools. Instead, such programs have the potential to make worse the very problem they seek to ameliorate.
Journal Article Empirical Research
Choice, Family, High School, Occupational Outcomes, Segregation
Interviews, Secondary Survey Data, Survey
Method of Analysis:
Unit of Analysis:
- Study the "Students Transfer Program" public school choice program.
- Public School District: Information on Student Transfer Program, records for all public school students in the city.
- City's Police Department: measure of violence.
- Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) data provided by the city's policy department 1990.
- DV: Percent of African American applicant who applied to school, Percent of White applicant who applied to school.
- IV: Percent of African American students, Asian students, Latino students, percent students in poverty, community violence, SAT scores, percent beginning teachers, percent teachers new to school, percent teachers at maximum salary, school size, student-teacher ratio.