Borman, Kathryn, McNulty, Tamela, Eitle, Michael, Deanna, Eitle, David, Lee, Reginald, Johnson, Larry, Cobb-Roberts, Deidre, Dorn, Sherman, & Shircliffe, Barbara
Accountability in a Postdesegregation Era: The Continuing Significance of Racial Segregation in Florida's Schools
University of South Florida
Association between racial segregation and the percentage of students passing high-stakes test in Florida's schools.
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
American Educational Research Journal
Vol. 41, No.3, pp. 605-631
- Race still matters. Great caution in abandoning school integration as a mechanism to close the racial gap.
- Both the racial composition of a school and whether a school was Black segregated predicted the percentage of students passing the FCAT (Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test).
- Policies that attempt to resolve the achievement gap by funding equity or classroom size changes may not be successful if they do not accept the premise of Brown - that integration is fundamental to ensuring educational equality.
- Using accountability mechanisms to evaluate schools and dole out incentives and disincentives without taking into account the racial distribution of students is clearly unfair and probably will not maximize the efficiency of such initiatives in accomplishing their objectives.
Journal Article Empirical Research
Academic Achievement, Accountability, Achievement Gap, Hispanics, Latinos, Math, No Child Left Behind, Reading, Segregation
Secondary Survey Data
Method of Analysis:
Unit of Analysis:
- Florida Schools Indicators Report and the School Advisory Council Report for the academic year 1999-2000. Data obtained from Florida Department of Education. It collects information from each school in each district at scheduled times during the school year.
- Data for elementary, middle, and high schools were assessed separately.
- DV: FCAT (Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test) scores, percentage of students in a school achieving Level 3,4, or 5 on the math and reading portions of the test.
- IV: Segregation Measures (Racial balance, Racial composition), Other Measures.