Reardon, Sean F., & Yun, John T.
Suburban Racial Change and Suburban School Segregation, 1987-1995
Stanford University, Harvard University
The relationship between growing minority enrollments in suburban schools and changes in segregation levels in suburban schools.
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
Sociology of Education
Vo.. 74, No. 2, pp. 79-101
- Increases in suburban enrollments shares of Black, Hispanics and Asian students were strongly and positively related to increases in suburban segregation levels.
- Changes in Black segregation were predominantly related to changes in between-district (residential) suburban segregation, while changes in Hispanic and Asian segregation were related to a combination of between and within district segregation changes.
- Association between racial composition and segregation is descriptive rather than causal, since it describes the association between concurrent patterns of change.
- Suburban in-migration patterns are occurring in ways that tend to increase segregation.
Journal Article Empirical Research
Asians, Hispanics, Latinos, Residential Segregation, Segregation
Secondary Survey Data
Method of Analysis:
Fixed Effects Regression Models
Unit of Analysis:
- Data comes from Common Core of Data (National Center for Education Statistics 1996).
- Data on racial enrollments in suburban public schools of 323 Metropolitan Statistical areas (MSA) for 5 school years 1987-1995.
- 211 Black MSA
- 174 Hispanic MSA
- 153 Asian MSA
- DV: Entropy Index (measure of segregation: how much less diverse individual schools are, on average, than their district as a whole).
- Covariates: School year, proportion of enrollment in the suburbs made up of members of minority groups other than relevant groups, the natural logarithm of the number of suburban districts in MSA I at time t, etc. Also includes proportion of enrollment in the suburbs of MSA I made up of the relevant minority group at time t and the square of this term.