The Effects of Educational Tracking on the Social Mobility of African Americans
University of Cincinnati
Studies the long term effects of tracking on opportunities for upward social mobility by race.
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
Journal of Black Studies
Vol. 23, No. 1, pp. 152-169
- The article provides a historical analysis of African Americans' relations with the education system.
- Census data show that there has not been much upward social mobility for Blacks.
- The education gap between Blacks and Whites has narrowed but the income gap has widened from 1960-1983.
- The author examines the long term effects of school tracking for African Americans and argues that school tracking is a structural factor which explains this contradiction. Different tracks have different effects for social mobility.
- The disproportionate tracking of African Americans into non-college prep classes negatively influences economic outcomes, and results in fewer opportunities for Black social mobility.
Journal Article Historical Analysis
Achievement Gap, Long Term Outcomes, SES, Social Mobility, Tracking
Historic Data, Secondary Survey Data
Method of Analysis:
Unit of Analysis:
- Performs a review of the relevant historical relations, as well as an analysis of the current status of African Americans.
- Uses critical and historical analysis to identify contradictions between education and opportunities for income among Black Americans
- Uses US Census Data.
- DV: Black social mobility
- IV: School tracking