School Desegregation, Academic Attainment and Earnings
Whether desegregation programs have raised lifetime earnings for Blacks, through interracial contact or improvements in school quality.
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
The Journal of Human Resources
Vol. 35, No. 2, pp. 333-346
- Average test score gain of non-Blacks provides a measure of school quality, and Blacks perform better in higher quality schools.
- School quality is a much more important determinant of future labor market success than school racial composition.
- Raising school quality is likely to be much more efficient than the reallocation of students among schools as a means to improve academic and labor market outcomes for Blacks.
- Results show that the academic acheivement and earnings of Blacks are strongly related to the cognitive achievement gains of their non-Black schoolmates.
- Little evidence of a systematic relationship between the three outcomes and school racial composition.
Journal Article Empirical Research
Academic Achievement, Contact Theory , Desegregation, Earnings, Long Term Outcomes, School Quality
Secondary Survey Data
Method of Analysis:
Students from large public school systems
Unit of Analysis:
- Men and women taken from the sophomore cohort of the High School and Beyond Longitudinal Survey (HSB). First in 1980 then follow up survey, 3rd in 1991.
- Administrative data from school on school racial composition and school resources.
- Information on school desegregation efforts taken from Welch and Light (1987).
- Students in the sample are around 28 years old at the time earnings are measured.
- Sample sizes are 393 in the analysis of twelfth-grade achievement; 164 in the analysis of years of schooling attained; and 121 in the analysis of earnings.
- DV: Twelfth grade achievement, years of schooling, and the log of the monthly earnings.
- IV: Pupil/teacher ratio, school characteristics, South, parental education, family income, gender and school percentage Hispanic.