Schofield, Janet Ward
Review of Research on School Desegregation's Impact on Elementary and Secondary School Students
University of Pittsburgh
Review of the literature on the impact of school desegregation. Focus on methodological and other problems that typify work in this area.
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
Handbook of Research on Multicultural Education, Chapter 33, pp 597-616
- Desegregation has had modest, positive effect on the reading skills of young African Americans---math skills unaffected.
- Desegregation may have favorable but weak impact on adult outcomes (graduation from college, income, and employment patterns).
- The research on desegregation effects for intergroup relations are inconclusive and inconsistent---focused more on attitude changes than behavioral changes.
- There is some evidence for the reduction of racial isolation (housing and adult relationships). The method of implementation of desegregation plans influences the effects.
- The literature also shows that desegregation is most effective when implemented in the early elementary school years.
- There is little empirical evidence about the impact of desegregation on the academic achievement of Hispanic students. The data for Hispanics are consistent with data on African American achievement, finding either neutral or positive effects.
Chapter in Book
Academic Achievement, Desegregation, Latinos
Method of Analysis:
Unit of Analysis:
- Some older studies in the review include: Bradley & Bradley (1977) Weinberg (1977) Krol (1978) Mahard & Crain (1983) Crain (1984) Braddock & McPartland (1982) Heller (1969)