Wood, Peter B., & Sonleitner, Nancy
The Effect of Childhood Interracial Contact on Adult Antiblack Prejudice
University of Eastern Michigan
Does desegregation have any measureable effect on racial prejudice? Does childhood interracial contact have any lasting effect on adult prejudice?
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
International Journal of Intercultural Relations
Vol. 20, pp. 1-17
- Childhood interracial contact has a significant, negative association with adult anti-Black prejudice and stereotype adherence.
- Anti-Black prejudice is most strongly associated with stereotype adherence and education.
- Anti-Black prejudice is most influenced by stereotype adherence, education, age, and past contact, in descending order.
- The relationship between past contact and age is the strongest bivariate correlation, indicating that childhood interracial contact increased significantly during the last two decades.
- Childhood interracial contact has a significant effect on stereotype adherence, absent controls.
- When control variables are in place, past contact remains significant.
- Second to income, childhood contact has the strongest influence on adult stereotype adherence.
- Childhood interracial contact has a significant negative effect on anti-Black prejudice, absent controls.
- When controlling for age and education, childhood contact is still significant.
- When stereotype adherence is included in the analysis as an intervening variable, childhood contact still has a significant and direct effect on adult anti-Black prejudice.
- Education and age also have a significant direct effect when stereotyping is included in the analysis.
Journal Article Empirical Research
Contact Theory , Desegregation, Intergroup Relations
Method of Analysis:
Unit of Analysis:
- The data are from the 1991 Oklahoma City Survey administered by the Sociology department of the University of OK.
- The randomly selected sample consisted of 389 adults in OK City.
- The survey was given via face-to-face interviews.
- This study includes only 292 White respondents in 1991.
- Factor analysis and reliability analysis are used to construct the predictor variables and the dependent variable from the survey items.
- IV: Childhood interracial contact and stereotype adherence. The control variables are gender, age, education, income, and occupational prestige.
- DV: Anti-Black prejudice