Braddock II, Jomills Henry
The Perpetuation of Segregation Across Levels of Education: A Behavioral Assessment of the Contact Hypothesis
University of Miami
Examines if Black students who attend desegregated high schools are more likely to attend desegregated colleges.
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
Sociology of Education
Vol. 53, No. 3, Pp. 178-186
- High school racial composition has large, direct effect on attending a PWI.
- Only college cost and HS GPA have larger direct effects.
- HS racial composition is slightly reduced by the indirect effect of GPA (0.01).
- SES is related to HS racial make-up (% White) but the effect is substantial, net of SES.
- Gender is related to GPA, but HS racial comp, has a larger direct effect than gender.
- Findings support the idea that desegregation practices can interrupt the perpetuation of racial segregation.
- One of the largest (.23) direct effects on attendance at a predominantly White college. Only high school grades (.24) and college costs (-.27) show larger effects.
- The net or direct effect of desegregation practice found for this sample of Black students is substantial, independent of self-selection into high school due to SES, and other mediating influences in the model.
- High school racial composition exhibits a larger direct and total nonspurious effect than sex-the other potential self-selection biasing factor.
Journal Article Empirical Research
Contact Theory , Desegregation, Long Term Outcomes, Racial Composition
Method of Analysis:
Structural Equation Modeling
Black Students at Four Florida Colleges
Unit of Analysis:
- The data are from questionnaires given to 253 Black, full time undergraduate students at four institutions in Florida in Fall 1973.
- Two schools are predominantly White institutions (PWI) and two schools are predominantly Black institutions (PBI).
- Study examines the hypothesis that Blacks who attend a desegregated high school are more likely to attend a desegregated college.
- DV: Attendance at a predominantly White college or univesrity.
- IV: Background variables (gender, SES); schooling and achievement measures (high school racial composition as a measure of high school desegregation, and H.S. GPA as achievement measure); and college inducements (college cost, availability of financial aid, and college reputation) are linked in a causal model to the racial type of the college attended (PWI or PBI).
- Study looks at the net and direct effects of attending a desegregated high school on attending a desegregated (PWI) college.