Slavin, Robert E.
Effects of Biracial Learning Teams on Cross-Racial Friendships
Johns Hopkins University
Studies the effects of biracial learning teams on cross-race friendship in desegregated junior high schools
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
Journal of Educational Psychology
Vol. 71, No. 3, pp. 381-387
- In the post test, the experimental group indicates a significantly higher number and proportion of cross-race friendships than did the control groups. Black students named more White friends than White students named Black friends.
- The percentage of minority students in class was not significantly related to the number or proportion of cross-race friendships.
- However, the effect of multiracial learning groups was more pronounced in classes with high or low percentages of Black students than in racially balanced classrooms.
- One pair of classes was analyzed in nine month follow-up. The experimental students made cross-race friendship choices three times as often as the control group students.
- The proportion of cross-race friendships made by experimental group students was four times that of the control group students.
- The research supports multiracial learning teams as a strategy to improve cross-racial attraction, thereby improving race relations in desegregated environments.
Journal Article Empirical Research
Classroom Composition, Cross Race Friendships, Desegregation, Diversity, Intergroup Relations, Racial Composition
Method of Analysis:
Two inner city Baltimore junior high schools
Unit of Analysis:
- The sample is taken from two Baltimore inner city junior high schools. The initial sample was 420 students in 7th and 8th grades.
- Complete data were obtained from 294 students (170 White, 124 Black) in 12 English classes (6 experimental and 6 control). Teachers volunteered to participate and each taught 1 experimental and 1 control class. Five teachers (1 White male, 2 Black women, 2 white women) taught English for 10 weeks.
- Only Black and White students were included in the analysis.
- The control group worked individually in class. The experimental group classes worked in multiracial learning teams.
- Pre and post tests on race relations were administered--students were asked to list friends by name.
- DV: cross race friendships
- IV: race, treatment, race x treatment, pretest