Saporito, Salvatore, & Sohoni, Deenash
Mapping Educational Inequality: Concentrations of Poverty and Poor and Minority Students in Public Schools
College of William and Mary
Understand the processes that lead to high concentrations of poverty in public schools for poor and minority students.
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
Vol. 85, No. 3, pp. 1227-1253
- Percentage of poor children in public schools is greater than in catchment area.
- Racial composition of school zone is strongly related to economic composition of schools.
- The difference between school poverty rate and the poverty rate of the corresponding catchment area is greater if the school is majority non-White.
- Poor children are more concentrated in schools with a higher poverty rate than they would be if all children attended their local public school
- Black and Hispanic children attend schools with drastically higher poverty rates than that which exists in their residential areas.
Journal Article Empirical Research
Choice, Neighborhood, Private Schools, SES, Segregation
Secondary Survey Data
Method of Analysis:
Weighted Least Square Regressions
Unit of Analysis:
- Geo-demographic data describing the student population living in school catchment area is linked with demographic data describing the racial and economic characteristics of students who attend the schools that draw students from these catchment areas.
- The data is used to analyze the difference between actual school attendance patterns and neighborhood characteristics---compare the concentration of poverty in public schools to the poverty of the residential area.
- GIS maps of the school attendance zones for the 21 largest school districts in 2000 (11% of all public school students in 3780 elementary schools) are overlaid on maps of 2000 Census blocks. Maps are linked with info from the CCD of the NCES (student race and poverty data).
- Data from the 1999 Private School Survey are included to explore the association of private schools with public school SES composition.
- DV: Poverty rate of a school
- IV: Percent of White, Hispanic, Black, and impoverished children living in school attendance boundaries