Saporito, Salvatore, & Sohoni, Deenesh
Coloring Outside the Color Lines: Racial Segregation in Public Schools and their Attendance Boundaries
College of William and Mary
Impact of student enrollment in private schools on levels of racial segregation across urban school districts.
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
Sociology of Education
Vol. 79, No. 2, pp. 81-105
- Lower percentages of White students attend public schools than are in their school attendance boundary.
- Racial populations in schools are largely determined by the racial composition of their attendance boundaries.
- Private schools located in the attendance boundary of a public school have a strong, negative impact on White public school enrollment.
- The effects of schools of choice on segregation patterns between Whites and Hispanics are even more pronounced than between Blacks and Whites.
- Public schools would be less racially segregated if all children living in a school district attended their local, neighborhood schools.
- Private, magnet, and charter schools contribute to overall racial segregation within many school districts.
Choice, Neighborhood, Private Schools, Residential Segregation, Segregation
Geographical Data, Secondary Survey Data
Method of Analysis:
Weighted Least Square Regressions
Unit of Analysis:
- GIS-based maps indicating the school attendance boundaries for the largest school districts in the country are linked with block level 2000 Census data.
- 22 school districts are included (11.4% of all public school children, 3874 elementary schools) and the 1999-2000 and 2000-2001 school years are analyzed. The districts are racially diverse.
- Data from the 1999-00 and 2000-01 Common Core of Data from the National Center for Educational Statistics are used to obtain the racial composition of each school in the study.
- Data from the 1999 Private School Survey are used.
- Use the 22 largest U.S. school districts.
- The study compares the actual racial composition of schools and the racial composition of school-aged children living in their corresponding attendance areas.
- DV: percent student who are White in neighborhood public schools
- IV: catchment area characteristics (% White, % White squared, % Hispanic, % Black, specialty school, private, magnet, charter).