Flinspach, Susan L., Banks, Karen, & Kahanna, Ritu
Socioeconomic Integration as a Tool for Diversifying Schools: Promise and Practice in Two Large School Systems
University of California at Santa Cruz
Influence of socioeconomic integration on racial-ethnic diversity in San Francisco, CA and Wake County, NC schools.
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
The Harvard Color Lines Conference
- Compliance with socioeconomic integration (SEI) in Wake has been between 81.7% and 77.5%. Since there is no floor, SEI ignores middle class, adequate performing schools even when they are not integrated by race and ethnicity.
- After SEI, Wake County has a few more racially identifiable schools than under racial-ethnic integration.
- SEI is helping the system maintain the majority of schools with racial-ethnic balance.
- Under SEI in the San Francisco Unified School District (SFUSD) more schools are likely to achieve racial balance than lower low income enrollment. SFUSD calls into question the effectiveness of SEI in racial/ethnic desegregation in very diverse districts.
- Socioeconomic integration (SEI)-school board plan that makes family income one of the primary factors in the assignment of students to schools. SEI may raise achievement and promote diversity. SEI may avoid or eliminate high poverty schools; undoing consequences of the school poverty effect.
- Because race and class are correlated SEI may lead to some racial/ethnic integration.
- Potential drawbacks include, increased distance between home and school for some students, disruption of neighborhoods, decline in parental access and involvement in the new school.
- Initially WCPSS used 15-45% minority rule for school assignment. SEI policy places 40% cap on low income student enrollment and 25% cap on low achieving student enrollment
Academic Achievement, Busing, Diversity, Outcomes, Poverty, SES
Method of Analysis:
Unit of Analysis:
Geographical Area, School District
- Data taken from Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) and San Francisco School District (SFUSD), 2001-02. Two large, county-wide school systems.
- The source of the county data is 2000 US Census.
- Data include documentation about SEI in San Francisco, longitudinal school data, and the annual desegregation reports monitoring implementation of the 1983 Consent Decree.
- DV: N.A.
- IV: Number of schools with minority enrollment between 15%-45%, number of schools with <40% low-income students, number of schools with <25% low-performing students, percent of schools meeting WCPSS integration standards, percent of school failing both WCPSS integration standards