Sigelman, Lee, & Welch, Susan
The Contact Hypothesis Revisited: Black-White Interaction and Positive Racial Attitudes.
George Washington University
Do perceptions and expressions of hostility between Blacks and Whites vary as a function of interracial contact?
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
Vol. 71, No. 3, pp. 781-795
- Contact between Blacks and Whites does not always affect racial attitudes, and even when it does, the effect is not always meaningful.
- Interracial friendships decrease Blacks' perception of racial hostility.
- Interracial neighborhood contacts decrease Whites' perceptions of hostility.
- Both interracial friendships and neighborhood contacts increase Whites' desire for racial integration.
- No evidence of interracial contact breeding negative racial attitudes.
- Personal contact between Whites and Blacks is associated with positive White attitudes.
- Neither interracial friendships nor neighborhood contacts is associated with the desire for interracial contacts among Blacks.
Journal Article Empirical Research
Attitudes, Contact Theory , Cross Race Friendships, Neighborhood
Method of Analysis:
Unit of Analysis:
- National telephone survey conducted in 1989; representative in terms of education, sex, and age
- 376 Black respondents; 1,315 White respondents.
- Data includes five indicators of interracial contact, two indicators of neighborhood racial composition, indicator of frequency of interracial interaction
- DV: Perception of racial hostility and endorsement of close social ties between two races.
- IV: Interracial contact