Interethnic Contact, Curriculum and Attitudes in the First Year of College
Interethnic contact in higher education, and the impact of a curriculum and residence hall programs including perspectives of race and ethnicity.
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
Journal of Social Issues
Vol. 60, No.1, pp. 75-94
- Results showed that first-year experiences -contact and curriculum- were related to attitudes at the end of the first year but for European American students only.
- Results offered less insight into what or how experiences might shape the attitudes of Asian American and African American students.
- Outgroup contact did not have equal consequences across groups.
- Results in the study suggest that intergroup as well as outgroup contact may be important to Asian American attitudes.
- Residence hall activities were not found to have a significant effect for European American students.
- In order to understand intergroup relations in education in the current context, it is crucial that multiple experiences within higher education be considered, that the analysis extends beyond group contact and also accounts for the varied consequences these experiences have across ethnic groups.
Journal Article Empirical Research
Asians, Attitudes, Contact Theory , Curriculum, Diversity, Ethnicity
Method of Analysis:
Unit of Analysis:
- Data from a large Midwest University
- Two surveys in the first year: the entrance survey (beginning) and the first-year survey (end of 1rst year).
- All first-ear students. 480 European American, 165 Asian American and 92 African American.
- Variables: Demographic and background characteristics (ethnic group membership, SES, Political ideology), First-year experiences (Intergroup contact, curriculum and residence hall programs), Intergroup attitudes (Awareness of racial inequality in US society, support for educational equity).
- DV: Intergroup attitudes at the end of the first year.
- IV: First-year experiences (group contact, curriculum, and residence hall activities), attitude at entrance, SES, political ideology, outgroup contact