Orfield, Gary, Bachmeier, Mark D., James, David R., & Eitle, Tamela
Deepening Segregation in American Public Schools: A Special Report from the Harvard Project on School Desegregation
Report on school segregation changes after the 1990s.
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
Equity and Excellence in Education
Vol. 30, No. 2, pp. 5-24
- Segregation is increasing for Blacks, particularly in the states that once mandated racial separation. For Latinos, an even more severe level of segregation is intensifying across the nation.
- The authors find that there is a national increase in segregation.
- Segregation is increasing for Black students and Latino students. Latinos are slightly more segregated than Blacks.
- Supreme Court decisions from 1991-1995 have reversed desegregation orders.
- The result is a return toward segregation levels that were seen in 1970. From the 1950s through the late 1980s there was a decline in the segregation of Black students.
- The South and the Border state regions saw a shift from state-mandated segregation to become the least segregated region in the US.
- This gain is being lost-segregation in these regions increased between 1991 and 1994 by all measures. The data suggest that segregation will intensify as the suburbs become more diverse.
Journal Article Empirical Research
Desegregation, Hispanics, Latinos, Resegregation, Segregation
Method of Analysis:
Unit of Analysis:
Geographical Area, School, School District, State
- The data are primarily from the 1994-1995 NCES Common Core of Data and from the U.S. Department of Ed Office for Civil Rights.
- The data analyzed are from 78,605 schools in 14,283 districts in 47 states and Washington, DC.
- Student enrollment statistics by race are reported to examine trends in racial segregation in public school education.
- DV: Likelihood of school segregation
- IV: Region, race, year, poverty