The Diverse Experiences of Hispanic Students in the American Educational System
University of Texas at Austin
Identify different types of Hispanic students based on their academic achievement and school orientation
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
Vol. 20, No. 4, pp. 561-568
- The high achieving profiles were over represented in schools with low SES levels.
- The low achieving profiles were overrepresented in schools with a greater proportion of Hispanic students.
- In schools with more Hispanic teachers, Hispanics were more likely to fall in the high-achieving, strongly oriented profile than in the high achieving, moderately oriented profile.
- Hispanic students show more orientation to schools with more Hispanic peers and teachers, even if they do not demonstrate greater achievement.
- Study identifies the type of schools where Hispanic students are most successful- small, private schools with moderate SES level, some Hispanic teachers, and high academic press.
- The low-achieving, moderately oriented students really liked school but fell below average on academic achievement (at just under a C average, the lowest achievement level of all profiles) as well as the other two indicators of school orientation (educational engagement, extracurricular participation).
- The high-achieving, moderately oriented students had the highest level of academic achievement in the sample.
- Older Hispanics were less likely to be low-achieving and moderately oriented than they were to be low-achieving and weakly oriented, and, to a slightly lesser degree, they were more likely to be high-achieving and moderately oriented than they were to be high-achieving and strongly oriented.
- The consistency of the significant positive coefficients of Mexican- and Cuban- Americans status or membershipi n the low-achieving, moderately oriented profile (was driven by the Puerto Rican students, who served as the reference category.
- Cuban-American youth were much less likely to be in the low-achieving, moderately oriented profile than in the low-achieving, weakly oriented profile.
- Hispanics born in the United States were much more likely to have general, cross-cutting problems at school than those born in Latin America.
Journal Article Empirical Research
Academic Achievement, Attachment, Hispanics, Immigrants, Latinos, Math, Science, Social Studies
Secondary Data, Survey
Method of Analysis:
Hispanic high school students
Unit of Analysis:
- School reports, aggregated survey data.
- The study draws on the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (AddHealth), mid 1990s sample.
- In the first stage of the survey there were 90,000 students grades 7-12 in 80 high schools and 32 middle schools who completed the in-school survey in 1994. From this sample 20,475 were selected for in-home interview in 1995. This research filters the sample for students who self-identify as Hispanic, high school students, and valid sample weight. The final sample for this research is 2,602 Hispanics in 69 high schools. The survey data includes individual and school level variables.
- DV: Membership in the four student profiles (four category cluster solution) based on their grades in Math, Science, English and Social Studies for the past year.
- Four profiles of Hispanic students related to academic achievement and school orientation (low-achieving, weak orientation; low-achieving, moderate orientation; high-achieving, low orientation; high-achieving, moderate orientation).
- Student level variables: age, gender, national origin, immigration generation, academic achievement (math, English, science, social studies grades), school orientation (educational engagement, school attachment, and extracurricular participation) and family characteristics (parental education, single v. two-parent family, and poverty status).
- School characteristics: structure (private v. public, total enrollment) and composition (parent education mean for school, proportion Hispanic students, proportion Hispanic teachers) and academic press (average academic achievement, average educational aspirations, % students taking math and science, and % students going on to college).