Author: Su, Jinni & Supple, Andrew J.

Title: School Substance Use Norms and Racial Composition Moderate Parental and Peer Influences on Adolescent Substance Use

University Affiliation: Virginia Commonwealth University


Research Question: Examine the effects of school substance use norms and school racial composition in predicting adolescent substance use and in moderating parental and peer influences on adolescent substance use.

Published: Yes

Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation: American Journal Community Psychology

Journal Entry: Vol. 57, Pp. 280-290

Year: 2016


Scholarship Type Journal Article Empirical Research

Keywords: Behavior, Parents, Peer Effects, Racial Composition

Regions Midwest

Methodologies: Quantitative

Research Designs: Secondary Survey Data

Method of Analysis: Hierarchical Linear Modeling (HLM)

Sampling Frame: 7th to 12th graders in Dane County Wisconsin

Sample Types: Nonrandom

Unit of Analysis: School, Student

Data Types: Quantitative-Cross Sectional

Data Description: -Data for this study were drawn from the 2009 Dane County (Wisconsin) Youth Assessment, a county-wide survey of students in grades 7 through 12. -A total of 17,366 students participated in the survey. -For this study, only students aged 12–17 were included and students who self-identified as Native American or mixed race were dropped due to low overall sample sizes in these groups, resulting in a sample of 14,346 students from 34 schools or school districts. -Of the 14,346 students, 9.8% had missing data in at least one of the study variables who were automatically excluded from analyses in hierarchical linear modeling (HLM). -Thus, the final analytic sample for this study included 12,933 students - During the fall 2008, students completed surveys electronically in school. Parents were informed of the survey in advance and could withdraw consent for their child to participate while adolescents could also refuse participation. -DV: Adolescent substance abuse. Adolescents reported on five items regarding their frequency of smoking cigarette, snuffing or chewing tobacco, drinking beer or wine, drinking hard liquor, and using marijuana over the past 12 months. Response options to these items ranged from 1 (not at all) to 6 (daily). Scores were averaged to create a summary variable of adolescent substance use.


Entry Created at: 2017-02-26 22:09:44 UTC
Last Update: 2017-02-26 22:09:44 UTC