Bohrnstedt, G., Kitmitto, S., Ogut, B., Sherman, D., & Chan, D.
School Composition and the Black-White Achievement Gap
US Department of Education
What is the average gap at different ranges of Black student density, with and without accounting for student and school characteristics?
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
National Center for Education Statistics
- The authors classify the density of schools based on their percent Black in the student population.
- Black students, on average, are in schools that are 48 percent Black, whereas White students are, on average, are in schools that are 9 percent Black.
- 86% of White students attend schools with 0-20 percent Black students within the school; 35% of Black students attend schools with 60-100 percent Black students within the school.
- The Black-White achievement gap was larger in the high density schools than in low density schools.
- Overall achievement for White and Black students in high density schools was lower than in low density schools.
- Achievement for both Black and White students was lowest in the highest Black density schools.
- After the authors accounted for factors such as student socioeconomic status and other student, and school level characteristics, a) the Black-White gap was higher in high density compared to low density schools, b) there were no significant differences for White students in high compared to low density schools, c) differences remained for Blacks, with Blacks in high density schools continuing to perform worse than those in low density schools, d) this was especially true for Black males in high density schools.
Achievement Gap, Composition, Racial Composition, SES Composition
Descriptive Statistics, Survey
Method of Analysis:
8th grade students who took NAEP assessment
Unit of Analysis:
Classroom, School, Student
- Data from this study came primarily from the National Assessment of Educational (NAEP) 2011 Mathematics Grade 8 Assessment, Common Core of Data for 2010-2011.
- IV: Gender, Disability, National School Lunch Program (NLSP) Eligibility, Parents Education, indicator for having more than 26 books in home, percentage of students who are NSLP eligible, Percent of NAEP Grade 8 sample with parents combined highest level of education unknown, Percentage of NAEP Grade 8 sample with parent's combined highest level of education being high school or some education after high school,Percentage of NAEP Grade 8 sample with parent's combined highest level of education being college graduate or higher, Percentage of NAEP Grade 8 sample with more than 26 books in the home, Percentage of NAEP Grade 8 sample without an encyclopedia in the home