Equalizing, But Not Greatly: High School Resources and Socioeconomic Inequalities in College Destinations
This study examines if school resources have different effects for low- and high-SES students’ college destinations. This study also examines whether the effects of marks of distinction on college destinations are contingent on student SES.
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
Paper at a conference
- SES differences in highly-most competitive colleges are wider among students who do not have school earned marks of distinction.
- For all the resources that occur in high SES-schools they offer substantial benefits to high-SES students but none to low-SES ones.
- This study identifies potential in schools to compensate for family resource inequalities. Schools with IB programs appear to be successful in ensuring that the benefits of this program reach low-SES students.
- Private schools also appear to have social resources that benefit low-SES students just as much as high-SES students.
Secondary Data, Survey
Method of Analysis:
Nationally representative sample of tenth graders
Unit of Analysis:
- Data come from Educational Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS) with follow ups conducted in 2004 and 2006. Survey was commissioned by the National Center for Educational Statistics (NCES)
10,070 cases in 710 schools.
- DV: College Destinations
- IV: SES; Programmatic School Resources; Pedagogical School Resources; Social School Resources; Marks if Distinction
Controls for Selection into high school