The Role of Residential Segregation in Contemporary School Segregation
Pennsylvania State University
What is the relationship between school and housing segregation at the metropolitan area level? Do trends in segregation differ by region of the country, specifically in the South and outside of the South?
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
Education and Urban Society
Vol. 45, No. 5, Pp. 548-570
The percentage of Whites among the under-18 population and public school enrollment in metropolitan areas fell substantially between the year 2000 and the year 2010.
- The higher share of Black students as a part of public school enrollment compared to their share of under-28 population may indicate a stronger reliance on public schools than any other racial group.
- Although residential segregation has been declining for the past few decades, Black-White segregation remains higher than that between Hispanics and Whites.
- In 2000 the segregation of Blacks in schools was lower than segregation of the under 18 Black population in their neighborhoods, this was partly caused by policy efforts to integrate schools. Between 2000 and 2010 a lot of the policy efforts to integrate schools ended and as a result the segregation of White and Black youth in 2010 was almost identical in schools as was in the neighborhoods.
- In both 2000 and 2010 Hispanic students in schools were more segregated from Whites than the under-18 Hispanic population in their neighborhoods. The gap has actually slightly widened over the decade although this estimated change may not reflect any significant change.
- The amount of variance that is explained by residential segregation Is much weaker in the south; this is partly due to policy efforts on integration.
Journal Article Empirical Research
Residential Segregation, Segregation
Secondary Data, Survey
Method of Analysis:
Under 18 population in a metropolitan area
Unit of Analysis:
School District, Student
- This study uses data from the U.S. Census and the National Center for Educational Services, data was compiled from diversitydata.org, This article includes data from 362 metropolitan areas.