Horn, Keren M., Ellen, Ingrid G., & Schwartz Amy E.
Do Housing Choice Voucher Holders Live Near Good Schools?
University of Massachusetts Boston; New York University
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Do housing voucher holders live next to good schools?
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
Journal of Housing Economics
Vol. 23, Pp. 28-40
- The author found that on average the voucher holders live near schools that have proficiency rates that are approximately 3 percentage points higher than the schools near public housing residents.
- Voucher holders live closer to lower performing schools than households who live in the low income housing tax credit (LIHTC) developments by approximately one percentage point.
- Comparing voucher households to other poor households reveals that voucher holders live near schools with lower proficiency rates.
- Voucher holders with children live next to schools with a higher percentage of poor students and black students than other poor households with children.
- White voucher holders are living in neighborhoods with schools that have proficiency rates that are on average 8 points higher than those of black voucher children and 6 points higher than those of Hispanic voucher children.
- Poor white children live near schools that have proficiency rates 12 points higher than those of poor black children and 8 points higher than those of poor Hispanic children.
Journal Article Empirical Research
Method of Analysis:
Sample included 329 metropolitan areas 41,758 census tracts that have at least one voucher household, census tracts with no vouchers were not included in the dataset.
Unit of Analysis:
- Sample includes 41,758 census tracts, HUD subsidized housing dataset. HUDs Low-Income housing Tax Credit Dataset
- School performance is measured using the proficiency rates on state math and English exams for students in all public schools in the country from the 2008-2009 school years. The author relied on the Common core of Data for location of schools and levels of poverty and racial composition.