Condron, Dennis, Tope, Daniel, Steidl, Christinia R., & Freeman, Kendralin J.
Racial Segregation and the Black/White Achievement Gap, 1992 to 2009
H1:As Black/White school dissimilarity increase, the Black/White achievement gap increases H2:As exposure of Black students to White students increases, the Black/White achievement gap decreases H3: As exposure of Black students to other minority students increases, the Black/White achievement gap increases or remains stable H4: As Black students become increasingly isolated by themselves, the Black/White achievement gap increases.
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
The Sociological Quarterly
Vol. 54, No. 1, Pp. 130-157
- Increases in Black-White dissimilarity lead to increases in Black/White achievement gaps in both math and reading. A one-standard deviation increase in dissimilarity is associated with a 0.086 standard deviation increase in the math gap and a 0.081 standard deviation increase in the reading gap.
- As exposure of Black students to White students increases, the achievement gaps in math (b=-0.789) and reading (b=-0.566) decrease.
- For Black students, exposure to other minorities is negatively correlated with the achievement gaps, although the correlations are weak and this effect is less influential – positively or negatively – than for Whites.
- As Black student isolation increases, so does the achievement gap between Black and White students for math (b=0.691) and reading (b=0.765).
Journal Article Empirical Research
Academic Achievement, Achievement Gap, Elementary School, Integration, Math, Racial Composition, Reading, Segregation
Secondary Survey Data
Method of Analysis:
Bivariate Correlations, Panel Data, Time Series Models
Black and White Fourth Grade Students in the United States
Unit of Analysis:
- Data for the current study comes from three sources: the fourth grade National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), the Common Core of Data (CCD), and the Current Population Survey (CPS). The final sample used in analysis has 244 cases for math and 277 cases for reading.
- DV: Black/White math and reading achievement gaps, measured using NAEP data.
- IV: Segregation measures (dissimilarity, exposure, isolation)
- Controls: Black/White income gap, Black/White poverty rate gap, Black/White adult education gap, Black/White single parenthood gap, median household income, proportion of schools in urban areas, proportion of households headed by person 65+