Author: Hanushek, Eric A., Kain, John F., Markman, Jacob M., & Rivkin, Steven
Title: Does Peer Ability Affect Student Achievement?
University Affiliation: Stanford University; University of Texas at Dallas; Amherst College
Research Question: After removing the fixed effects of students, family, and schools, does peer achievement affect individual student achievement?
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation: Journal of Applied Economics
Journal Entry: Volume 18 Pp.527-544
Findings: A 0.1 standard deviation increase in peer average achievement leads to roughly a 0.02 increase in achievement. Given that one standard deviation in peer average achievement is 0.35 of a standard deviation of the student test score distribution, this point estimate suggests that differences in peer characteristics have a substantial effect on the distribution of achievement, when cumulated over the entire school career.
Scholarship Type Journal Article Empirical Research
Keywords: Academic Achievement, Peer Effects, Social Capital
Research Designs: Mathematical models
Method of Analysis: Fixed Effects Regression Models
Sampling Frame: Students who attended third grade in 1992 in Texas, USA
Sample Types: Random
Unit of Analysis: Individual
Data Types: Quantitative-Panel Data
Dataset: University of Texas at Dallas (UTD) Texas Schools Project Data
Description: Three cohorts of students in Texas public elementary schools beginning with students who attended third grade in 1992. Each cohort contains over 200,000 students representing 3,000 public schools.
Sample: The selected sample used in the analysis includes data for grades three through six for the three successive cohorts. Only Black, Hispanics and White students are included. LEP and special education students are excluded from the analysis.
DV: individual student achievement on standardized mathematics exams
IV: peer achievement, controlling for student effects, family effects, school effects