Author: Hanushek, Eric A., Kain, John F., Markman, Jacob M., & Rivkin, Steven

Title: Does Peer Ability Affect Student Achievement?

University Affiliation: Stanford University; University of Texas at Dallas; Amherst College

Email: hanushek@stanford.edu

Research Question: After removing the fixed effects of students, family, and schools, does peer achievement affect individual student achievement?

Published: Yes

Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation: Journal of Applied Economics

Journal Entry: Volume 18 Pp.527-544

Year: 2003

Findings: A 0.1 standard deviation increase in peer average achievement leads to roughly a 0.02 increase in achievement. Given that one standard deviation in peer average achievement is 0.35 of a standard deviation of the student test score distribution, this point estimate suggests that differences in peer characteristics have a substantial effect on the distribution of achievement, when cumulated over the entire school career.

Scholarship Type Journal Article Empirical Research

Keywords: Academic Achievement, Peer Effects, Social Capital

Regions South

Methodologies: Quantitative

Research Designs: Mathematical models

Method of Analysis: Fixed Effects Regression Models

Sampling Frame: Students who attended third grade in 1992 in Texas, USA

Sample Types: Random

Unit of Analysis: Individual

Data Types: Quantitative-Panel Data

Data Description:

Dataset: University of Texas at Dallas (UTD) Texas Schools Project Data

Description: Three cohorts of students in Texas public elementary schools beginning with students who attended third grade in 1992. Each cohort contains over 200,000 students representing 3,000 public schools.

Sample: The selected sample used in the analysis includes data for grades three through six for the three successive cohorts. Only black, Hispanics and white students are included. LEP and special education students are excluded from the analysis.

DV: individual student achievement on standardized mathematics exams

IV: peer achievement, controlling for student effects, family effects, school effects

Relevance:

Entry Created at: 2013-06-22 02:03:30 UTC
Last Update: 2016-07-27 13:24:22 UTC

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