Author: Johnson, Rucker C.

Title: Long-Run Impacts of School Desegregation & School Quality on Adult Attainments NBER #16664

University Affiliation: University of California - Berkeley

Email: ruckerj@berkeley.edu

Research Question: What are the long-run impacts of court-ordered school desegregation plans on adult attainments?

Published: No

Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation: NBER -National Bureau of Economics

Journal Entry: Unpublished institutional report (e.g., NBER, HCRP, Brookings)

Year: 2011

Findings:

  1. For education attainment: each additional year of exposure to court-ordered desegregation leads to a 1.3 percentage point increase in likelihood of graduation from high school for Blacks. Each additional year of exposure to court-ordered desegregation leads to a 0.08 increase in years of education for Blacks. There are no significant effects for Whites.
  2. Men’s Labor Market Outcomes & Adult Family Income and Poverty Status: an additional year of exposure to court-ordered desegregation significantly increases Black men’s annual earnings by roughly 5 percent, which is a combination of a 2.9 percent significant increase in wages and an annual increase in work hours of 39 hours. Among Black men and women, an additional year of exposure increases the family income-to-needs ratio by about 0.1 and reduces the annual incidence of poverty in adulthood by 1.6-1.9 percentage points.
  3. Probability of Incarceration: for Black students, relative to growing up in segregated schools, exposure to desegregation beginning in elementary school leads to a 22.5 percentage point reduction in the probability of deviant behavior , a 14.7 percentage point reduction in the probability of incarceration by age 30 and 3.8 percentage point decline in the annual incidence of incarceration during ages 20-34.
  4. Adult Health Status: an additional year of exposure to court-ordered desegregation increases adult health status index for Blacks between 0.3-0.6 points.

Scholarship Type Unpublished Research

Keywords: Academic Achievement, Desegregation, Earnings, Long Term Outcomes, Occupational Outcomes, School Quality

Regions National

Methodologies: Quantitative

Research Designs: Quasi-Experiment

Method of Analysis: Difference in Difference Regression, Fixed Effects Regression Models, Two Stage Least Squares

Sampling Frame: Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) sample members born between 1950 and 1975 as well as the schools they attended

Sample Types: Nonrandom

Unit of Analysis: Individual, School

Data Types: Quantitative-Longitudinal, Quantitative-Panel Data

Data Description:

Relevance:

Entry Created at: 2013-06-06 22:05:44 UTC
Last Update: 2017-06-20 17:30:14 UTC

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