How Much Does a High School's Racial and Socioeconomic Mix Affect Graduation and Teenage Fertility Rates?
The Univeristy of Chicago
Examine the potential impact of racial and socioeconomic desegregation of schools on students' chances of dropping out of high schools and on teenage girls' chances of having a child.
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
in The Urban Underclass
edited by Christopher Jencks and Paul Peterson, pp.321-341
- Racial and socioeconomic desegregation of schools is more likely to command the support of the majority if it improves the life chances of disadvantaged students far more than it hurts the life chances of advantaged students.
- Students who attend high-SES schools are less likely to drop out of high school between the 10th and 12th grades and that girls who attend high-SES schools are less likely to have a child between the tenth and twelfth grades than students with the same family background who attend lower-SES schools.
- White students who attend predominantly Black or predominantly Hispanic schools are more likely to drop out and more likely to have a child than White students with the same family background who attend predominantly White high schools.
- Among Black and Hispanic students, however, the effect of attending predominately Black schools on both dropping out and teenage fertility is largely accounted for by the low mean socioeconomic status of these schools.
- A change in school SES has a greater absolute effect on dropping out and teenage fertility for low-SES students than for high-SES students. But it also has a greater absolute effect for White students than for Black or Hispanic students.
Composition, Dropouts, High School, Racial Composition, SES
Secondary Survey Data
Method of Analysis:
Unit of Analysis:
- Data from the 1980 High School and Beyond survey.
- Data from 26,425 White, Black and Hispanic students who were in tenth grade in 1980 and were followed up in 1982.
- DV: Chances of dropping out of high school and teenage girls' chances of having a child
- IV: Student's SES (parents education, father white collar job, family owned its home, had two or more cars, had a dishwasher), race, tenth grade test scores or educational plans, school racial composition.