Instructional Grouping in the Classroom
University of Wisconsin - Madison
Some types of instructional grouping that contribute to more positive academic and affective outcomes for students.
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
NW Archives - Regional Educational Laboratory
Close-Up # 2
- Instructional Grouping is used to assure that all students learn, to increase student engagement in learning, to teach students how to work with others, to facilitate social interaction among students, to motivate students, to improve students' self-concepts and attitudes toward self and school, to teach students how to learn in a variety of ways.
- For instructional grouping to be effective there must be: teacher planning and preparation, determined tasks to be completed, instructional groups with four to six students instead of larger groups, groups with mixed ability composition, with diverse racial and ethnic backgrounds which encourage interaction and friendship among diverse students at the classroom and school as well as the group level, specified roles and responsibilities for people in groups, advance training of students, effective teaching skills, clarity, monitoring, reinforcement and feedback, substantive teacher time, evaluation, and review of group composition.
- It is important to keep in mind when using instructional groups: the permanence of group (necessary to change group composition on a frequent basis), teacher perceptions and expectations and group assignment, the importance of group placement, instruction in pull-out vs. regular classroom instruction, changes in the role of the teacher required by instructional groups.
Ability Groups, Academic Achievement, Classroom Composition, Instruction
Method of Analysis:
Unit of Analysis:
- Previous published research about instructional grouping.
- Learning Cycle Groups, Cooperative Groups, Group Investigation, Peer tutoring, Teams and Games, Jig-Saw, Learning Together, Long-Term Ability Groups are some of the many types of Instructional grouping utilized in classrooms.