Sekaquaptewa, Denise, Espinoza, Penelope, Thompson, Mischa, Vargas, Patrick, & Von Hippel, William
Stereotypic Explanatory Bias: Implicit Stereotyping as a Predictor of Discrimination
University of Michigan
Whether a measure of implicit stereotyping is predictive of behavior towards a partner in an interracial interaction.
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
Journal of Experimental Psychology
Vol. 39, No. 1, pp. 75-82
- Among participants who interacted with a Black confederate, those who showed more E-SEB received lower social interaction scores and vice versa.
- Stereotypic explanatory bias can predict the nature of interracial interaction. Not only negative but also positive behavioral outcomes.
- Measures of stereotyping can predict intergroup behaviors.
- Provides evidence that measures of stereotyping can predict discriminatory behavior when the measures tap implicit stereotypic processing.
Journal Article Empirical Research
Attitudes, Cross Race Friendships, Prejudice, Stereotype
Method of Analysis:
Unit of Analysis:
- SEB= Stereotypic explanatory bias, MRS= Modern Racism Scale
- Experiment # 1
- 55 White males participated in partial fulfillment of psychology course requirement.
- Stereotypic explanatory bias was assessed by presenting participants with a series of 25 sentence beginnings (16 to measure responses to Black stereotype - consistent behaviors and Black stereotype- in consistent behaviors; 9 race neutral behaviors were also included as filter items).
- Experiment # 2
- 79 White participants (27 male and 52 female) in partial fulfillment of psychology course requirement.
- DV: Behavior toward partner (decision to ask stereotypic or non-stereotypical question)
- IV: Measure of implicit stereotyping (assessed by presenting participants with a series of 25 sentence beginnings, 16 of which were designed to measure responses to Black stereotype-consistent behaviors and Black stereotype-inconsistent behaviors), Modern Racism Scale (seven-item self-report measure)