Yun, John T., & Kurlaender, Michal
School Racial Composition and Student Educational Aspirations: A Question of Equity in a Multiracial Society
University of California, Santa Barbara; Harvard University
Are levels of school support associated with student aspirations? If associated is it constant across schools with different racial/ethnic compositions?
Journal Name or Institutional Affiliation:
Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk
Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 143-168
- Students who have more school support have greater interest in higher education. Between a student in a low support school and a student in a high support school, there is an 11 point difference in likelihood to indicate interest in going to college.
- When using the percent White enrollment measure, school racial composition matters. The percent of White students is positively associated with students having interest in attending a 4 year college.
- No effect when racial composition is measured in clusters.
Journal Article Empirical Research
Aspirations, Latinos, Racial Composition
Method of Analysis:
3 Urban School Districts
Unit of Analysis:
- The dataset is 15,800 eleventh grade students in 58 high schools in 3 urban school districts. Diversity Assessment Questionnaire (DAQ) -70 items asking students about their experiences in school and classrooms. The dataset includes student level info on race and gender, and school level data (racial composition, % FRL, % limited English proficient, % special education). The outcome – measure is student aspiration to attend a 4 year college. Predictors are school support measures taken from 6 questions on the DAQ (asking students how much info and encouragement they received about pursing advanced studies). The sample is randomly split (1/2 provide school-level support variable, 1/2 analytic sample). The final sample is 7,706 students in 58 schools in 3 districts. Two measures of racial composition are used: 1) % White enrollment 2) dichotomous predictors representing school racial composition type (from cluster/discriminent analysis grouping schools into 7 clusters). Ave racial comp of the sample is 35% Latino, 17% Black, 13% White, and 17% Asian. Two analyses are performed using multilevel random effects log regression: using %White enrollment, and using dummies for the school racial composition clusters.
- DV: Students' educational aspirations (measured using 4-point scale response to question "Tell us how interested you are in going to a 4-year college")
- IV: School support for higher educational attainment, school racial composition